Relics of the Passion – 8 – The Shroud

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From the Burial Shroud

The Burial Shroud is a linen cloth of 14 feet 5 inches long by 3 feet 7 inches wide (4.4 x 1.1 meters). Imprinted on it is the negative image of the Body of Jesus Christ (Adler, 2002), which had resulted after the Savior was wrapped in it for His entombment after the Crucifixion.

The Shroud is known to have been in the possession of the Byzantine emperors until the Sack of Constantinople, which occurred in April 1204[1] (Poulle, 2009). Boniface I[2] and his chief counselor, Othon de la Roche,[3] took the Shroud from the Church of Saint Mary of Blachernae together with other relics and kept them in Athens (Anon., n. d.; Legrand, 1982; Piana, 2014; Rinaldi, 1983; Villehardouin, 2007). But after that no mention of it has been reliably documented for another two centuries.

The knight, Geoffroy I de Charny,[4] and his wife, Jeanne de Vergy,[5] were noted as the new owners of the Shroud in the 14th century, where it was preserved from 1360 to 1389 at Monfort-en-Auxois. Their great-granddaughter, Marguerite de Charny,[6] gave the Shroud to Louis I of the Casa di Savoia[7] in 1453 (Chevalier, 1900; Dubarle, 1993), in exchange for the castle of Varambon and monetary assets. The Savoyards in turn presented it to the Holy See in 1983.

The Shroud is woven in a 3-to-1 herringbone twill pattern made of flax fibrils. The negative image imprinted on it has been described as that of

A front and back view of a naked man with his hands folded across his groin. The two views are aligned along the midplane of the body and point in opposite directions. The front and back views of the head nearly meet at the middle of the cloth (ibid.).

The burial cloth of Christ can be found enclosed in a bullet-proof glass case at the Cappella della Sacra Sindone in Turin, Italy. This chapel had been built in the 17th century by Carlo Emmanuele II[8] to house the sacred relic.

Above is a photograph of a single thread from the Shroud in a sealed reliquary that comes from the Augustinians. A limited number of relics of the Shroud had been distributed to Catholic bishops around the world after a drop of molten silver from a fire had damaged a small part of it in 1532, while at the Sainte Chapelle in Chambéry,[9] France (Cruz, 1984).

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[1] The culmination of the Fourth Crusade, which is considered a major victory and turning point in medieval history.

[2] Marchese di Monferrato and King of Thessaloniki. Boniface was one of the knight-commanders of the Fourth Crusade.

[3] Baron of Ray-sur-Saõne and the first Frankish Lord of Athens.

[4] Lord of Lirey and Savoisy.

[5] A fifth-generation descendant of Othon de la Roche.

[6] de Charny became Madame de la Roche in 1418 after having married Humbert of Villersexel, Count de la Roche.

[7] The House of Savoy, a royal family that was established in 1003 at the historical region of the northwest Alps northwest of Italy. The Savoyards ruled Italy from 1861 to 1946 (Ginsborg, 2003).

[8] The Duke of Savoy.

[9] Chambéry was the capital of the Savoy region at the time. After the fire, Emmanuele Filiberto, the current Duke of Savoy, ordered that the Shroud be translated to Turin where it has remained since 1578. The coffer in which it traveled can also be seen (Piana, 2014).

Relics of the Passion – 7 – The True Effigy of the Holy Face

Vera Effigies
The True Effigy of the Holy Face

Relics of the true effigy of the Holy Face originate with the 19th century miracle that had occurred with the Veil of Veronica[1] kept at the Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican City (Cruz, 2015). The Veil, which the pious woman[2] had given to Jesus Christ at the top of the steep hill located between al-Wad Road and the Souq Khan al-Zeit (Sacred Destinations, 2019), so that He could wipe away the Blood and sweat pouring down His Face while carrying the Cross, had been taken to Rome by Saint Veronica herself during the reign of the Emperor Tiberius.[3]

In 1849, during the revolution that had occurred at the time of Saint Pius IX, the Veil of Veronica was on display for veneration after Vespers on the 5th Sunday in Lent[4] (Cruz, 2015). All of a sudden, it was transfigured in front of everyone present. The Face of Christ appeared as though it was lifelike. It was also surrounded with a halo of soft golden light, while the Veil itself glowed with the divine light in front of everyone present.

The miracle lasted for three hours and one the Canons of Saint Peter was ordered by the Pope to draw the Holy Face as it had appeared transfigured in order to preserve it for posterity (For All the Saints, 2009). Saint Pius IX also ordered that the Canon’s drawing of the Holy Face be engraved as an effigy onto linen cloths that would be touched to the original Veil of Veronica, a relic of the True Cross and the tip of the spear of Longinus,[5] making them precious relics in themselves, not just devotional images (Archconfraternity of the Holy Face, 1887). These effigies were to bear the official wax seal of a Cardinal of the Catholic Church and imprinted with the textual description:

VERA EFFIGIES SACRI VULTUS DOMINI NOSTRI JESU CHRISTI[6]

The true effigies of the Holy Face are known to have been distributed for a period of about 75 years. Above is a photograph of the effigy of the Holy Face that comes from Rome.

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[1] One of the few images of the Holy Face not made by human hands (Cannuli, 2014).

[2] Originally named Seraphia (Doyle, 2000) and commonly known as the pious woman, she became identified as Veronica in the apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus (Reid, 1913), because of the imprint of His Face that Christ had left on her Veil in gratitude for her merciful gesture.

[3] Tiberius was the Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.

[4] Previously known as Passion Sunday.

[5] Longinus had pierced Christ’s side with the spear after His death. This relic is also housed at the Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican City.

[6] True Image of the Holy Face of Our Lord, Jesus Christ.

Relics of the Passion – 6 – The Crown of Thorns

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From the Crown of Thorns

UPDATE: The Crown of Thorns that was held at Notre Dame, together with other precious relics, is presently being held at the Louvre after the conflagration that occurred on April 16, 2019 at the Cathedral.

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The ring of canes that makes up the base of the Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus Christ during the Passion can now be found at the Cathédrale Notre Dame de Paris (2010). Its diameter is 8.5 inches (21cm). The Crown was carried to France from Venice by two Dominican friars in August 1239 and eventually placed in the Sainte-Chapelle,[1] after Saint Louis IX had redeemed it for 13,134 gold ducats from Baldwin II, the Emperor of Constantinople.

Baldwin had pawned the Crown of Thorns as security with a Venetian bank for the money he needed to borrow, to support his crumbling empire. The Crown had been housed in the Basilica of Hagia Zion in Jerusalem since 409, until it was translated to Constantinople during the Crusades. The Crown had been braided from the rushes of the Juncus balticus,[2] while the thorns attached to it by the Roman soldiers were from the Ziziphus spina-christi.[3]

Numerous thorns have been splintered off from the Crown throughout the centuries and distributed widely around the world. More notable are those held at Saint Michael’s Church, in Ghent, Belgium; the Cathedral of Saint Vitus in Prague, Czech Republic; the Cathedral of Trier, Germany; the Basilica della Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, Rome, Italy; the Cathedral of Oviedo, Spain; the British Museum, England; and Saint Anthony’s Chapel in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America (Gazetteer of Relics and Miraculous Images, 2009). Above is a photograph of a relic from the Crown of Thorns in a sealed reliquary that comes from the Augustinians.

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[1] The Sainte-Chapelle was built specifically by Saint Louis IX to house the Crown of Thorns and 28 other relics he had received from Baldwin II.

[2] Baltic rush taken from the Jucaceae perennial flowering plant native to Northern Britain, the Baltic and Scandinavia.

[3] Christ’s thorn jujube, an evergreen plant native to Africa, the Middle East, Southern and Western Asia.

Relics of the Passion – 5 – The Purple Robe

purple-tunic
From the Purple Robe

Before crowning Him with thorns after the Scourging at the Pillar, at the order of Herod Antipas, the Roman soldiers at the court forced Jesus Christ to wear a purple[1] robe in mockery of His kingship of the Jews (Lk 23:6-12). The soldiers then stripped Christ of this robe after Pontius Pilate had presented Him to the mob (Jn 19:5) and made Him put back on His seamless garment[2] to carry the Cross. Above is a photograph of a very rare relic of the Purple Robe in a sealed reliquary that comes from the Augustinians.

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[1] Purple was at the time considered to be the color worn by kings.

[2] The seamless garment had been woven for Christ by the Virgin Mary.

Relics of the Passion – 4 – The Column of Flagellation

column
From the Column of Flagellation

The column of flagellation to which Christ had been tied during the Scourging at the Pillar was made of marble (McNeely, 2015). Part of the column remained at the Basilica of the Holy Sepulcher and resides in the Franciscan Chapel (Mason, 2017). Another part of it was given to Giovanni, Cardinal di Colonna the Younger, by the king of Jerusalem during the Fourth Crusade.[1] Colonna took it back with him to Rome, Italy, and placed it in the Basilica di Santa Prassede, his cardinalate church (McNeely, 2015). This part of the Column is housed in a bronze reliquary and can be found at the San Zeno Chapel.

Fragments of the column of flagellation have been distributed around the world throughout the centuries in ways similar to the True Cross. Above is a photograph of a small piece of the column in a sealed reliquary that comes from Rome.

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[1] The Crusades were a series of nine religious wars that started in 1095 by order of Pope Urban II (Mills, 1820). These wars were carried out to recover the Holy Land and other sacred sites for Christianity from under Muslim rule, which had been in place since the 7th century. It was common practice during the Crusades to translate relics from the Holy Land to Rome and other places in the West for their ‘preservation’ (Andrea & Rachlin, 1992; McNeely, 2015).

Relics of the Passion – 3 – The Ropes

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From the Ropes of the Flagellation

Many of the ropes of the flagellation of Jesus Christ that took place during the Scourging at the Pillar can be found at the Basilica di Santa Prassede in Rome, Italy, to where they were translated during the Fourth Crusade. Above is a photograph of a few strands from one of the ropes in a sealed reliquary that comes from Rome.

What is immortal?

What is immortal, the body or the soul? The soul is immortal, not the body, because the body came from dust and to dust it shall return until the end of all time. Therefore, fear not who/what can kill the body, but what can kill the soul through mortal sin, condemning it to eternal death (cf. Mt 10:28).

Special indulgences granted by the Apostolic Penitentiary for the pandemic situation

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By decree dated 3/19/2020 and issued by the Holy See, the Apostolic Penitentiary of the Catholic Church has granted the following special indulgences for the present global pandemic situation:

  1. Plenary indulgence to those with COVID-19 under quarantine, if with detachment from sin they unite themselves virtually in the Holy Mass, the recitation of the Rosary, the Via Crucis, or other forms of devotion; or if, at least, they recite the Creed, the Pater Noster, and a pious invocation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, offering this trial in a spirit of faith in God and in charity towards their brethren, with the intention of fulfilling the usual conditions (sacramental confession, communion, and prayers for the Holy Father) as soon as it is possible;
  2. Plenary indulgence as per #1 for all healthcare workers, relatives, and others presently taking care of those affected by COVID-19 and at risk of contagion;
  3. Plenary indulgence, under the same conditions as #1, for all the faithful who, given the present pandemic situation, offer their visit to the Blessed Sacrament or Eucharistic Adoration, or the reading of Scripture for half an hour, or recite the Rosary, or recite the Chaplet of Divine Mercy, to implore Almighty God to end this pandemic, relieve the suffering of those with COVID-19, and the eternal salvation of those who have died;
  4. Plenary indulgence at the point of death for all the faithful, who are unable to receive the Anointing of the Sick and Last Rites, as long as they are suitably disposed and have been in the habit of reciting some kind of prayer during their life. The usual three conditions are supplied by the Church. It is recommended to use a Cross or Crucifix while asking [God] for this indulgence (Enchiridion indulgentiarium, #12).

This present decree is valid despite any possible contrary dispositions.

Tribute to Fr. Richard Cannuli

Transfiguration_by_Feofan_Grek_from_Spaso-Preobrazhensky_Cathedral_in_Pereslavl-Zalessky_(15th_c,_Tretyakov_gallery)

The Rev. Richard G. Cannuli, OSA, has passed away on the 2019 feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord.

A bi-ritual Catholic priest and visual arts professor at Villanova University, who studied under the Russian master iconographer Vladislav Andrejev, Cannuli had in 2011-2012 been given the grace by the Heavenly Father to write His icon of The Divine Heart Encompassing All Hearts. He was a part of the Apostolate of the Divine Heart almost from its beginning.

In love with God the Father and Jesus Christ, through the Holy Spirit, God at last granted Fr. Cannuli, aged 72 years, the greatest, deepest and incessant desire of his heart: to see Him as He is [cf. 1 Jn 3:2] and this precisely on the feast day of the Savior’s Transfiguration.

 

Judas Iscariot is in Hell forever

Judas-2.jpg

Let us be loud and clear:

Jesus answered: He it is to whom I shall reach bread dipped. And when he had dipped the bread, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. And after the morsel, Satan entered into him (Jn 13:26-27).

[Christ]: Holy Father, keep them in Your name, whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are one. While I was with them, I kept them in Your name. Those You gave me, I have kept and none of them is lost, but him who was destined to be lost, that Scripture may be fulfilled (Jn 17:11-12).

Judas Iscariot, the spiritual son of his ‘father,’ Satan – the betrayer of Christ, just as Satan was the original betrayer of the Almighty Father – is in Hell for eternity. Not because the Father and the Son did not continually present him with Their mercy, but because Judas wilfully rejected this until his last dying breath. Even though Our Lady also tried to save him with her prayers.

Judas betrayed Christ, but what led to his eternal damnation was pride, the same original sin of Satan. Judas thought he ‘knew it all.’ He was too proud to humble himself and accept the mercy of Him who did not come to be an earthly king, or to accept the help of the Woman.

Anyone who claims, or attempts to claim, otherwise either has insufficient knowledge of the Faith or is a wolf of the revisionist kind.

Judas Iscariot is in Hell. Together with Martin Luther and Adolf Hitler.

Who is your Mother?

UPDATE

Pachamama is not just “Mother Earth.” The literal translation of Pachamama is “World Mother.”


Mary

Who is your real Mother – Mother Earth or Our Lady?

Who did Christ give to John (Jn 19:27) as our Mother?

Answer these questions for yourself and you will know in your heart of hearts what you truly believe.

About the Mother

our-lady-of-springfield-hr

There is one Mother: the Virgin Mary, Mother of God. The Queen of heaven and earth by God’s explicit will. She is second only to the Holy Trinity.

The earth is not “a mother” and can never be a mother, no matter how much it sustains us. It does not and cannot “have a feminine face,” because the earth is a material object, not a person.

That is reality.