Pope Francis

Capital punishment and the ordinary magisterium of Pope Francis

I desire mercy, not sacrifice (Hos 6:6; Mt 9:13).

Several conservative Catholics in the United States of America are up in arms against the latest declaration of Pope Francis in relation to the death penalty and its inadmissibility. They are particularly miffed that he has “dared” to make sure that the Catechism of the Catholic Church accurately reflects the needs of our times. The below, therefore, bears repeating as many (wilful traditionalist clerics included) believe that to be Catholic, they do not need to follow what the Pope says, but only what he says if it happens to agree with whatever their particular religiopolitical-ideological stance might be.

Pride and spiritual arrogance at their best.

So, here goes:

Public statements by the Pope that do not qualify as ordinary and universal magisterium also have an authority that Catholics are not free to dismiss. They are required to give such teachings religious submission in accordance with the declaration of Vatican Council II as follows: Bishops, teaching in communion with the Roman Pontiff, are to be respected by all as witnesses to divine and Catholic truth. In matters of faith and morals, the bishops speak in the name of Christ and the faithful are to accept their teaching and adhere to it with a religious assent. This religious submission of mind and will must be shown in a special way to the authentic magisterium of the Roman Pontiff, even when he is not speaking ex cathedra; that is, it must be shown in such a way that his supreme magisterium is acknowledged with reverence, the judgments made by him are sincerely adhered to, according to his manifest mind and will. His mind and will in the matter may be known either from the character of the documents, from his frequent repetition of the same doctrine, or from his manner of speaking (Lumen Gentium, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, §25).

Many American Catholics, some clerics included, keep confusing the ordinary magisterium of Pope Francis for his ordinary and universal magisterium; to speak only of parts of the ordinary part, not the extraordinary part, of the teaching office of the Catholic Church.

They are wrong.

The Pope, like all other Popes before him, has both the ordinary magisterium and the ordinary and universal magisterium. It is under the former that the death penalty issue has been addressed, not under the latter, and this magisterial route, as shown above, also requires acceptance of it and religious assent – if you want to be, at the very least, minimally Catholic (let alone hard-identity Catholic).

A different route, however, is always possible for the wilful, the stubborn, the spiritually proud (non)cognoscenti: those who believe they know God’s mind and will more than anyone else, and His desires for all humanity since prior to the beginning of time. The route is this:

Go and set up your own church like Fr. Martin Luther, O.S.A., did in 1517. After all, it’s not like setting up one’s own church, with one’s own particular magisterium, and one’s own cult of personality (and followership) is not in the ‘best’ traditions of American church life, since the nation’s inception over 250 years ago! Then you can be your own (little p) pope. You can lay down whichever law you want, however you want it, with whatever stipulations and ‘membership requirements’ you want, in wherever ‘refuge’ you want, and no one will contradict you. You will be the head honcho and, as the saying goes, everyone will live happily ever after.

You will be in ‘good’ company – the company of the most famous, spiritually rebellious ‘church’ father. Just do not expect to attain Heaven and life with the Holy Trinity for eternity, unless you genuinely turn back to God and His One, True Church, because extra ecclesiam nulla salus.

New litmus test and the de facto schism in the Catholic Church in America

Ubi Petrus, ibi Ecclesia, ibi Deus.

Given the Pope’s declaration of the inadmissibility of the death penalty in all cases and his instruction to revise the Catechism of Catholic Church in this regard, the de facto schism in the Catholic Church in the United States is now coming to the fore. It is going to be very easy for everyone to know who is truly still a faithful son or daughter of the Church and who is, in effect, part of the parallel church, the false church, that has been so undeniably set up, together with its parallel magisterium.

Already, overt rebellion is in the ranks, because many American Catholics refuse to accept that you do not kill people, no matter what they might have done. What is common sense even for children these days just seems to keep flying right over the heads and hearts of said Catholics, because they keep rejecting the humility needed to understand God and His desires for humanity – desires since the very beginning of time.

Thus, instead of admitting that God Himself preserved Qayin, the first human murderer, from capital punishment, they prefer to pridefully blame the Pope for “heresy” or a “rupture with continuity,” neither of which claims are grounded in any kind of hermeneutical reality. Such Catholics concurrently keep refusing to understand the workings of the prevenient grace of God, which at its most basic means that no validly-elected Pope, from the time of Peter through the Pope at the very end of all time, can ever fall into heresy (papal indefectibility). You can learn more about that here.

Ego sum cum Papa semper (Saint George Preca).

The acceptance of the above inadmissibility of capital punishment in this day and age is, therefore, going to be, for at least American Catholics (and many other Catholics primarily in the Anglo-Saxon world), the litmus test of their fidelity or infidelity to God and to the Catholic Church as founded by Jesus Christ.

If you want to discern whether someone belongs to the real Church or to the false church, just ask them if they support the death penalty. There is no confusion any more on this issue (Pope Francis has closed the loopholes), except for those who deliberately insist on remaining spiritually blind. You will be surprised at some of the responses you may get.

Pope Francis on current ideologies striking at the heart of the Gospel

From the Apostolic Exhortation Gaudete et Exsultate just released:

“I regret that ideologies lead us at times to two harmful errors. On the one hand, there is the error of those Christians who separate these Gospel demands from their personal relationship with the Lord, from their interior union with him, from openness to his grace. Christianity thus becomes a sort of NGO stripped of the luminous mysticism so evident in the lives of Saint Francis of Assisi, Saint Vincent de Paul, Saint Teresa of Calcutta, and many others. For these great saints, mental prayer, the love of God and the reading of the Gospel in no way detracted from their passionate and effective commitment to their neighbours; quite the opposite.

“The other harmful ideological error is found in those who find suspect the social engagement of others, seeing it as superficial, worldly, secular, materialist, communist or populist. Or they relativize it, as if there are other more important matters, or the only thing that counts is one particular ethical issue or cause that they themselves defend. Our defence of the innocent unborn, for example, needs to be clear, firm and passionate, for at stake is the dignity of a human life, which is always sacred and demands love for each person, regardless of his or her stage of development. Equally sacred, however, are the lives of the poor, those already born, the destitute, the abandoned and the underprivileged, the vulnerable infirm and elderly exposed to covert euthanasia, the victims of human trafficking, new forms of slavery, and every form of rejection. We cannot uphold an ideal of holiness that would ignore injustice in a world where some revel, spend with abandon and live only for the latest consumer goods, even as others look on from afar, living their entire lives in abject poverty.  (more…)

Pope Francis on the enemies of holiness

From the Apostolic Exhortation Gaudete et Exsultate by Pope Francis, just released:

On the enemies of holiness

“Gnosticism is one of the most sinister ideologies because, while unduly exalting knowledge or a specific experience, it considers its own vision of reality to be perfect. Thus, perhaps without even realizing it, this ideology feeds on itself and becomes even more myopic. It can become all the more illusory when it masks itself as a disembodied spirituality. For gnosticism “by its very nature seeks to domesticate the mystery,” whether the mystery of God and his grace, or the mystery of others’ lives.

“When somebody has an answer for every question, it is a sign that they are not on the right road. They may well be false prophets, who use religion for their own purposes, to promote their own psychological or intellectual theories. God infinitely transcends us; he is full of surprises. We are not the ones to determine when and how we will encounter him; the exact times and places of that encounter are not up to us. Someone who wants everything to be clear and sure presumes to control God’s transcendence.

“Nor can we claim to say where God is not, because God is mysteriously present in the life of every person, in a way that he himself chooses, and we cannot exclude this by our presumed certainties. Even when someone’s life appears completely wrecked, even when we see it devastated by vices or addictions, God is present there. If we let ourselves be guided by the Spirit rather than our own preconceptions, we can and must try to find the Lord in every human life. This is part of the mystery that a gnostic mentality cannot accept, since it is beyond its control.  (more…)

Signs of the times – Pope Francis

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Just as when the fullness of time had arrived, Our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, heard the people screaming without abatement toward Him, “Crucify Him, crucify Him! He is a blasphemer, crucify Him!” so that the pathway to the Kingdom could be reopened for all humankind, so now does the Vicar of Christ, Pope Francis, the Head of the visible Church on earth, hear the rabid Judases within the Catholic Church similarly scream, “Crucify him, crucify him! He is a heretic, crucify Him!” Only in this way, through his Passion in the fullness of our time, shall the coming of the Kingdom on earth arrive.

Like the Master, the servant. Pray for Pope Francis that he remains strong in the face of his adversaries who are many, filled with hatred, and ruthless in their raging pride.

Discerning the true Church from the false church

1024px-Pope-peter_pprubensHow to determine the true path

The question has been asked, “How can we know which one is the true Church and which one is the false church in the confusion that is arising?” The short answer is simple.

As evidenced in Sacred Scripture, Jesus Christ said, “I say to you, ‘You are Peter and on this Rock I will build My Church, and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of Heaven. Whatsoever you shall bind upon the earth, it shall be bound also in Heaven, and whatsoever you shall loose upon the earth, it shall be loosed also in Heaven'” (Mt 16:18-19). Thus, Saint Ambrose said, “Ubi Petrus, ibi Ecclesia, ibi Deus [Where there is Peter, there is the Church and there is God],” because Peter – the Pope – is the Rock, the guarantor of the Faith, and this by divine appointment. Christ Himself prays to the Almighty Father for the Pope.

Several, ‘cognoscenti’ and otherwise, with an attempt at strength in numbers, have claimed (and continue to claim) that the current Peter – that is, Pope Francis – is propagating heresies. But the very premise upon which their claims stand is false because Christ Himself, Who is God, has declared the true Church to be indefectible. The Pope is, thus, himself indefectible in terms of the Faith and what is needed to be saved precisely because the Church is indefectible. This is true not just when the Pope teaches ex cathedra under the charism of infallibility, but also when he teaches non-infallibly, albeit not at the personal level.

The guarantor of the Faith, the Rock, can never fall into the grave sins of apostasy, heresy or schism, because he is safeguarded from doing so by the prevenient grace of God – operating grace. Throughout the entire history of the Catholic Church, in which resides the fullness of the Church established by Jesus Christ, no canonically-elected Pope has ever fallen into any one of these three sins or combination thereof while reigning as Pope, despite repeated claims to the contrary, precisely because of this ongoing gift of prevenient grace. Those who claim otherwise are either inadequately schooled in the actual particulars of history or wilfully misunderstanding history.

The above-referenced gift of grace, granted to Peter and each one of his successors, will keep on being granted to their successors until the end of all time. It is not provided by God for the personal benefit of the Pope. It is provided for the benefit of humanity, so that the ark of salvation, which is the Church, never fails and the gates of Hell do not prevail against it.

The true Church, therefore, can easily be discerned to be where the Pope is, not where some might claim or desire it to be, because it is the Pope and no one else who has been granted the divine gifts of the charism of truth and the charism of a faith that never fails.

Regarding the ‘filial correction’ of Pope Francis

in order

Protestants in everything but name

A small group of professional Catholics has issued a formal ‘filial correction’ of Pope Francis, namely Correctio Filialis De Haeresibus Propagatis, in relation to seven purported heresies in the apostolic exhortation Amoris Laetitia [The Joy of Love]. A parallel group of laity is trying to do the same under the spearheading of a Bachelor’s-level American Catholic.

It should be noted that the above-referenced correction usurps, in both essence and fact, the role of the official Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in the Catholic Church. The signatories are lower-level theologians and clerics, together with a bishop who is actually in schism (SSPX, the Lefebvrites) from the Church. Most of them are well-known, staunch supporters of the Extraordinary Form of the Mass (pre-Vatican II), rather than the Ordinary Form. The correction has been organized by the Chair of the UK’s Latin Mass (Tridentine) Society.

Ubi Petrus, ibi Ecclesia, ibi Deus [Where there is Peter, there is the Church, there is God] – Saint Ambrose.

The following should be thus taken into consideration:

In matters of faith and morals, the bishops speak in the name of Christ and the faithful are to accept their teaching and adhere to it with a religious assent. This religious submission of mind and will must be shown in a special way to the authentic magisterium of the Roman Pontiff, even when he is not speaking ex cathedra; that is, it must be shown in such a way that his supreme magisterium is acknowledged with reverence, the judgments made by him are sincerely adhered to, according to his manifest mind and will. His mind and will in the matter may be known either from the character of the documents, from his frequent repetition of the same doctrine, or from his manner of speaking (Lumen Gentium #25, 1964, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church).

Magisterial decisions in matters of discipline, even if they are not guaranteed by the charism of infallibility, are not without divine assistance and call for the adherence of the faithful (Donum Veritatis #17, 1990, On the Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian).

Even if the doctrine of the faith is not in question, the theologian will not present his own opinions or divergent hypotheses as though they were non-arguable conclusions. Respect for the truth as well as for the People of God requires this discretion (cf. Rom 14:1-15; 1 Cor 8; 10: 23-33 ) . For the same reasons, the theologian will refrain from giving untimely public expression to them. The preceding considerations have a particular application to the case of the theologian who might have serious difficulties, for reasons which appear to him wellfounded, in accepting a non-irreformable magisterial teaching (Donum Veritatis #27-28).

If, despite a loyal effort on the theologian’s part, the difficulties persist, the theologian has the duty to make known to the Magisterial authorities the problems raised by the teaching in itself, in the arguments proposed to justify it, or even in the manner in which it is presented. He should do this in an evangelical spirit and with a profound desire to resolve the difficulties. His objections could then contribute to real progress and provide a stimulus to the Magisterium to propose the teaching of the Church in greater depth and with a clearer presentation of the arguments. In cases like these, the theologian should avoid turning to the “mass media”, but have recourse to the responsible authority, for it is not by seeking to exert the pressure of public opinion that one contributes to the clarification of doctrinal issues and renders service to the truth.

It can also happen that at the conclusion of a serious study, undertaken with the desire to heed the Magisterium’s teaching without hesitation, the theologian’s difficulty remains because the arguments to the contrary seem more persuasive to him. Faced with a proposition to which he feels he cannot give his intellectual assent, the theologian nevertheless has the duty to remain open to a deeper examination of the question (Donum Veritatis #30-31).

The spiritual pride of American Catholics of fundamentalist bent

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The self-righteousness and spiritual pride – there is no other word for it – of fundamentalist-leaning Catholics in the United States has to be witnessed to be believed. It is a phenomenon in itself. Such Catholics seem to believe that it is they and, presumably, they alone who are ‘going to save’ the Catholic Church from ruin by going to Hell in the proverbial hand basket. They consider themselves part of ‘the remnant’ that is supposedly protecting the One True Faith from error, including ‘error’ coming from the Vatican.

As you judge, so will you be judged, and the measure with which you measure will be measured out to you. Why do you notice the splinter in your brother’s eye, but do not perceive the wooden beam in your own eye? How can you say to your brother, ‘Let me remove that splinter from your eye,’ while the wooden beam is in your eye? You hypocrite, remove the wooden beam from your eye first; then you will see clearly to remove the splinter from your brother’s eye – Jesus Christ.

Some of these Catholics refuse, even in public, even when asked directly, to accept the leadership of Pope Francis – the Vicar of Christ who holds in his hands the power to bind and loose in the Kingdom of Heaven (Mt 16:18-19). They do this despite knowing full well that such a refusal to assent, let alone consent, to the Magisterium of the Pope automatically places them, at the spiritual level, outside the very Faith and the very Church they profess to so love and ‘protect.’ Both assent and consent to the said magisterium are requirements of the Catholic Faith. Further, these individuals – self-appointed mini-demagogues who have far more in common with Sola Scriptura folks or the tight cult of Scientology, than true Catholicism – manifest no hesitation in engaging in widespread slander and libel, products of hatred, not just against the Pope himself, but also against priests who themselves follow the magisterium and who have done nothing to them.

Who am I to judge? – Pope Francis

A case in point is the recent release of the book Building a bridge: How the Catholic Church and the LGBT community can enter into a relationship of respect, compassion and sensitivity, written by a well-known priest. Apart from the fact that it does have an eye-grabbing title, there is nothing – absolutely nothing – in the book that goes against faith and morals. The book itself has been granted the imprimi potest by the Superior of the Society of Jesus.

It should be noted that this site has no skin in the game, so to speak, in relation to this book. But justice demands that we do not stand idly by while something that is good becomes the recipient of the above kind of hatred, by Catholics no less. Silence would, otherwise, be tacit consent.

What does all of the above thus tell you about the real agenda of said American Catholics? Who, in reality, is trying to construct a ‘parallel’ Catholic Church – a Church built into his or her own image – despite claiming to love Her and all protestations to the contrary? Rather than manifest docility to the Spirit and to the Church given to humankind by Jesus Christ?

None of such fundamentalism is from God or of God.

None of it.

On unity and diversity in the Church

Unity

Ubi Petrus, Ibi Ecclesia, Ibi Deus

Pope Francis on unity and diversity in the Church (Homily for Pentecost, 2017):

“By His presence and activity, the Spirit draws into unity spirits that are distinct and separate among themselves (Cyril of Alexandria, Commentary on the Gospel of John, XI, 11). He does so in a way that affects true union, according to God’s will, a union that is not uniformity, but unity in difference.

“For this to happen, we need to avoid two recurrent temptations. The first temptation seeks diversity without unity. This happens when we want to separate, when we take sides and form parties, when we adopt rigid and airtight positions, when we become locked into our own ideas and ways of doing things, perhaps even thinking that we are better than others, or always in the right, when we become so-called “guardians of the truth.” When this happens, we choose the part over the whole, belonging to this or that group before belonging to the Church. We become avid supporters for one side, rather than brothers and sisters in the one Spirit. We become Christians of the “right” or the “left,” before being on the side of Jesus, unbending guardians of the past or the avant-garde of the future before being humble and grateful children of the Church. The result is diversity without unity. The opposite temptation is that of seeking unity without diversity. Here, unity becomes uniformity, where everyone has to do everything together and in the same way, always thinking alike. Unity ends up being homogeneity and no longer freedom. But, as Saint Paul says, “where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom” (2 Cor 3:17).

“So the prayer we make to the Holy Spirit is for the grace to receive his unity, a glance that, leaving personal preferences aside, embraces and loves his Church, our Church. It is to accept responsibility for unity among all, to wipe out the gossip that sows the darnel of discord and the poison of envy, since to be men and women of the Church means being men and women of communion. It is also to ask for a heart that feels that the Church is our Mother and our home, an open and welcoming home where the manifold joy of the Holy Spirit is shared.”

Pope Francis: “Dare to call God ‘Father'”

 

God the Father2In today’s general audience, Pope Francis said, “Calling God by the name ‘Father’ is not something that can be taken for granted. We are tempted to use the highest titles, which are respectful of his transcendence. But calling him ‘Father’ puts us in His confidence, like a child talking to his dad, knowing that he is loved and cared for by him.” The Pope added, “God is a Father in His own way: good, helpless before man’s free will, only able to conjugate the verb ‘to love’ . . . God is a father who does not apply human justice and is ready to forgive and embrace his long lost son . . . We are never alone. We can be distant, hostile, we can even declare ourselves ‘without God.’ But the Gospel of Jesus Christ reveals that God cannot be without us: He will never be a God ‘without man’.”

The heart and joy of the Father

“Our condition, as children of God, is the fruit of the love of the heart of the Father. It does not depend on our merits or our actions, thus no one can take it away from us. No one can take this dignity away from us, not even the Devil! . . . In whatever situation in life, I must not forget that I will never stop being a child of God – of a Father Who loves me and awaits my return. Even in the worst situation in life, God waits for me and wants to embrace me . . . We all need to enter the house of the Father and participate in His joy, in the feast of mercy and of fraternity” (Pope Francis, General Audience, May 11, 2016).

First time after 1000 years